En blogg från Högskolan i Borås

måndag 23 oktober 2017

Teaching about e-books at the University of Wrocław

In between October 3rd and 7th I have travelled to a beautiful city of Wrocław that has a rich history and intensive cultural life. It also has a respected University continuing the traditions of several old universities of Europe.

Swedish School of Library and Information Science has been in contact with the Institute of Library and Information Science at this University for some time. We were meeting at the international conferences and worked on some similar research topics, especially, the ones related to the libraries as a part of book market and the largest customer group for book producers. Thus, the Erasmus contract signed by us in spring of 2018 was a logical extension of our earlier participation. The collaboration within Erasmus programme has started right away. This term we have accepted one student, Piotr Czapla, from the Institution of Library and Information Science and I have travelled to Wrocław to give lectures on e-book distribution channels and library work with e-books.







The University is situated in several parts of the town but the Institute of Library and Information Science is housed in the very centre of the city under to the Mathematics Tower and next to the Meridian line drawn by Professor Longinus Anton Jungnitz in the 18th century. 




As the Polish universities start the study year in October, I was teaching during the first week of this study year. The students, coming fresh after summer vacation, were happily filling the classrooms not only during the weekdays, but also on Saturday. This is a huge sacrifice on the part of the university teachers to work during weekends with correspondence students who can only attend lectures when they are free from work. As they are coming from all over Poland it is inevitably the free days that have to be used for teaching them.

I must acknowledge that though it was the very start of the study year, the students were quite attentive to the lectures given in English and some were posing intelligent and interesting questions. It turned out that only about one per cent of them have ever read an e-book as their University Library is not providing access to any digital textbooks or monographs, only to the article and journal databases. Buying reading devices is quite expensive and the habit of reading on smart phones has not yet formed among Poles. As in Sweden they prefer printed books, but are quite interested in the possibilities of electronic ones.

The issues of library work with e-books seemed to them a very innovative experience and they were eager to discuss the situation in Polish public and university libraries, some exhibiting a very good knowledge of library work and conditions in of licencing electronic resources. All in all, I have met one Bachelor’s students group and two Master’s level (first and second year). It was interesting to compare the situations with e-books not only between Sweden and Poland, but also between Poland, Lithuania, Croatia and some other countries. This knowledge we have acquired through common research projects, but it seems like teaching students can also become a source of learning about one’s own research topics.

I was also engaged in a seminar with the researchers of the Institute. They were interested not only in our research projects, but also in the conditions of funding research, organization of studies and their content, the implementation of Bologna programme in Sweden in general and at the University of Borås in particular. Our experience with distance education interested the teachers and the general resource allocation to courses as well as management of staff was of great interest. Some of Swedish procedures and regulations are obviously more difficult to implement (and maybe not necessary at all), but others were deemed as useful and practical even in Polish circumstances.

 Besides the work, which was quite intensive during the week, I also managed to look around Wrocław. I would be urging my colleagues to go there to get useful professional experience, but also to visit a wonderful concert hall called Music Forum, the Centennial Hall that is on the UNESCO World Heritage List, the beautiful Opera house and the Old City, which has been completely reconstructed after the World War II.

 




The citizens of Wrocław seem to be eager to demonstrate and raise their voices in protest and I have participated and witnessed several public demonstrations for the rights of homosexual people, against the corruption and even against keeping dogs on chains.

The city is eager to attract tourists to visit it and some artists have created an attraction - gnomes of the city, which are scattered in different places. The rumour says that there are more than 300 of them. Most can be located using a special map that is sold at tourist information places. Looking for gnomes is also a favourite entertainment of local children. The one on the picture is driving at the entrance to a church.




Elena Maceviciute


fredag 13 oktober 2017

Jobbskuggning på Aalto Universitetets högskola för konst, arkitektur och design

Vi, Sara och Emilia arbetar som undervisningstekniker i Färg och Tryck Design lab på Textilhögskolan. I augusti besökte vi Aalto universitetet i Helsingfors, skolan är i dagsläget förlagd på två olika platser i Helsingfors och vi besökte båda. Inom ett år kommer alla utbildningar att ligga på samma plats, närmare bestämt i Esbo.
De konstnärliga utbildningarna håller till i Arabias gamla fabriker (fram till flytten) och vi fick möjlighet att åka tillbaka och jobbskugga den tekniker som arbetar i deras Färg och tryck lab.

På måndag kväll den 2 oktober satte vi oss på planet till Helsingfors. Det var mörkt och lite regnigt när vi kom fram till hotellet, spända av förväntan.

Tisdag morgon mötte vi upp Eeva som är tekniker inom färg och tryck. 


Vi började med en kopp kaffe, vi pratade om hur vi ville lägga upp veckan och hur Eevas vecka brukar se ut. Vi började med att digitaltrycka och det var intressant att se och få ta del av hur Eeva arbetar med maskinen, rester från tryckprocessen och olika praktiska lösningar som förenklar hennes arbete. Något vi tar med oss hem.


Vi hade tagit med oss våra kemikalielistor och vi gick igenom dessa och jämnförde med Eevas. Pratade om olikheter och likheter, säkerhetsdatablad och kemikaliehantering. Gick även igenom leverantörer för olika material och kemikalier. Tittade på prover och hittade några tekniker som vi skulle vilja prova att göra.


Resten av veckan fylldes av att hjälpa Eeva i hennes dagliga arbete och göra olika prover.
En teknik som vi gärna ville prova är deras sätt att göra reservagetryck, vilket är en teknik där du reserverar en yta på tyget från att tryckfärgen fixeras. Vi provade på olika material och två olika reservagepastor. De gav väldigt olika resultat.


En eftermiddag höll Eeva i en introduktions föreläsning om bla säkerhet i labbet (på finska) så då passade vi på att besöka en av deras leverantörer som lyckligtvis har en butik några hundra meter bort från skolan. Vi fick möjlighet att prata med mannen som arbetar där om deras tryckfärger, material och om möjligheten att leverera till oss i Borås. Några olika material fick följa med oss hem.

Under vecka kom även några av designlärarna in i verkstaden och berättade om deras arbete med studenterna och kurserna i verkstaden. En skillnad mellan Aalto och Textilhögskolans tekniker är att de inte undervisar. De ser till att allt fungerar, alla material och kemikalier finns och att hjälpa studenterna.
Sista dagen fick vi möjlighet att se och använda deras stora ångfixeringsmaskin, vi fixerade våra prover och en forskares digitaltryck. En smidig och snabb maskin som gav ett väldigt bra resultat. 



Innan vi lämnade skolan fick vi en rundvisning i de övriga verkstäderna, konfektion, trikå och väv.
Våra kvällar bestod av att besöka Marimekko outlet, Designmuseum och självklart Stockmann. Vi åt god mat och gick och lade oss nöjda och fulla av intryck varje dag.


Veckan har gett oss många nya idéer och bra lösningar som förenklar vårt vardagliga arbete.


Om ett par veckor kommer Eeva till Borås och hon får följa oss under en vecka. Det ska bli roligt att träffas igen och att visa henne hur vi har det och hur vi arbetar. Att få möjlighet att bolla fler tankar och att få svar på frågor som uppkommit efter vi kom hem.

Thermochromic workshop at Vilnius art academy


3 days Thermochromic workshop – Dr. Marjan Kooroshnia - Senior lecturer, The Swedish school of textiles, University of Borås, Erasmus workshop at Vilnius art academy.
Oct.9th to Oct.11th, I had the opportunity to teach how to work with thermochromic inks when designing dynamic surface patterns at the Vilnius art academy, department of textile and fashion design. 

I had three different groups to teach; first group was fashion designers from both BA and MA, second group was textile designers from both BA and MA, and third group was teachers and PhD students in textile and fashion design. 

Working with thermochromic inks, be that in the form of studying and teaching or designing dynamic surface patterns using them, relates to a large degree to thermochromic colour transitions. Teaching the behaviour of thermochromic inks in relation to other static colours and varying temperature, and based on existing colour theories and practical exercises, is almost impossible. During my PhD study, I created a pedagogical tool for teaching the behaviour of thermochromic inks to students in textile and fashion design. It is based on printed colour swatches and structured tasks. The tasks create opportunities for the students to learn the principle of colour transition by actually experiencing them. 

Considering the students design outcomes as a workshop evaluation, they learnt how to integrate their new knowledge of the behaviour of thermochromic inks with what they already knew about static pigments in relation to design of a surface pattern. 
The last day of workshop was more free studying. We examined design possibilities offered by thermochromic inks on different qualities of fabrics.

In addition, I had the opportunity to visit Vilnius university campus, meeting staffs, seeing their facilities, and students `art and design works. 
Staying in Vilnius, provided me an opportunity to see a doctoral exhibition in photography, and visiting Contemporary art centre as well. 

Overall, I am glad for the experiences that I have made during those days in terms of both educational and cultural. I am thankful for new perspectives I have got through talking with students and faculties. This exchange was important for me to get to know practices at other art and design academies. Furthermore, I hope that this stay can strengthen collaborations and exchanges between the Swedish school of textiles and Vilunis art academy. 
I am happy for the personal experience through staying in Vilnius, meeting new people, and getting to know a new culture is always fascinating. 

Marjan Kooroshnia

torsdag 8 juni 2017

Workshop in Knitting Technology – Joel Peterson, University of Borås, Erasmus workshop at ITECH in Lyon.

At the end of March 2017, 29th to 31st I had the oppurtunity to visit ITECH in Lyon and Roanne. They bescribes themselves like this at their home page: 
"ITECH is the European School of Paints, the World School of Leather (recruitment of post-graduate leather engineers from the biggest international firms as well as SMEs) and the School known and recognized for its applications in chemistry (paint, inks, adhesives and cosmetics) and textile techniques."

I visited first their facilities in Roanne where the textile part is located. A guided tour in the different labs was arranged and we had the opportunity to look at the machinery. Weft knitting and warp knitting machines were studied and the labs were well equipped. The workshop with representatives from ITECH and myself discussed various common problems in education and research in the field of knitting technology. Common problems were lack of new machinery and time consuming programming of the flat knitting machines. It is difficult for the students to learn the programming because it takes long time and the courses in knitting technology are short. We discussed the importance for a textile university to have skilled technicians and this is also an important part for a well-working knitting department. Then the discussion continued about further cooperation in research and education and we agreed that several topics can be further investigated.

At the end of my stay I also visited ITECH main campus in Lyon. A guided tour showed the facilities and labs and also here it was interesting to see fine laboratorys as support for student learning. A lot of chemistry, polymer and testing labs used to educate students for the paint, chemestry and other industries.

A meeting with the staff of the school ended my visit at ITECH in France and I am convinced that the possibilities for future collaborations between our universities are positive.

//Joel Peterson

torsdag 16 mars 2017

E-TEAM Education Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic



Vincent Nierstrasz, prof. Textile Materials Technology, dept. of Textile Technology, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business


March 12-17 I had the opportinity to teach Textile Biotechnology (a resource effective way of textile processing) at the Technical University of Liberec, (Czech Republic) in the framework of the E-TEAM master program of the AUTEX. University of Borås is a member of the AUTEX. The AUTEX has its own ambitious textile technology master program. In this program the students are hosted at 4 different AUTEX member universities for the duration of a semester. The professors teaching the different topics have to teach for 1 week at the hosting university. This time the host for the 2nd semester is the faculty of Textile Engineering in Liberec.
I am teaching in the E-TEAM program since 1999. Teaching in the E-TEAM program is challeging for both students and professors and has the benefit that you in fact become quite familiar with most AUTEX member universities, thereby facilitating European research collaborations.


The TU Liberec is a middle-sized university with 6 faculties:
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering 
  • Faculty of Textile Engineering 
  • Faculty of Science-Humanities and Education 
  • Faculty of Economics 
  • Faculty of Arts and Architecture 
  • Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Inter-Disciplinary Studies
  • Faculty of Health Studies
The faculty of Textile Engineering was established in 1960, and is, like the school of textiles in Borås in Sweden, the only academic education in Czech Republic, addressing the whole textile subject, textile materials, technology, marketing and design. The faculty has 6 departments:
  • Textile Technology
  • Nonwovens and nanofibrous materials
  • Clothing Technology
  • Materials Engineering
  • Design
  • Textile Evaluation
In addition to teaching, I had meetings with several staff members from the dept. of Materials Engineering, the dept. of Clothing Technology, as well as the vice dean to discuss research at the faculty of Textile Engineering as well as in my research group in order to strengthen our research collaboration (see e.g. the blog of Sina Seipel, a PhD-student in my group that visited TU liberec in 2016). I also had a meeting with a representative of Inotex, who is sepcialized in Textile Biotecnology to further discuss potential collaboration.

It was an inspiring and busy week.


Vincent Nierstrasz






The Faculty of Textile Technology


Town hall

City centre
 




måndag 13 februari 2017

Undervisning vid Technical University Liberec, Tjeckien

Den 6-10 februari 2017 så hade jag igen möjligheten att undervisa vid ett europeiskt universitet inom ramen för E-TEAM programmet, vilket är en textil utbildning på masternivå. Utbildningen sker vid 4 olika universitet under två år, och deltagarna får därmed en möjlighet att tillbringa 6 månader vid 4 olika universitet med textil utbildning. Under veckan föreläste jag min kurs i polymera kompositmaterial, vilket var intressant för universitetet i Liberec eftersom de även har en ganska omfattande kompositforskning. Naturfiberkompositer är tex ett aktivt område.

Våren 2017 är sker undervisningen vid det tekniska universitetet i Liberec, Tjeckien. Technical University Liberec har ca 10 000 heltidsstudenter, och är det enda universitetet med en textil utbildning i Tjeckien. Universitetet grundades i början av 50-talet, och verksamheten sker i centrala Liberec, i byggnader som delvis är märkta av tidens tand.

Universitet utmärker sig med att erbjuda flera program på alla nivåer, vilka har som undervisningsspråk engelska. Det finns mycket bra information på deras hemsida: www.tul.cz/en/. Verksamheten inom det tekniska textila området är kompetens- och erfarenhetsmässigt mycket hög. Forskningen är omfattande, och av hög nivå. Det finns ett omfattande urval av kurser på engelska. Labben och faciliteterna motsvarar inte det som vi är vana vid vid högskolan, men detta hindrar inte forskning på en hög nivå. De har dock mycket ändamålsenlig utrustning, och den är omfattande.

Ett syfte med utbytet var även att utvidga utbytet på så vis att vi får flera utresande studenter från Borås till Liberec. Tyvärr finns det en tveksamhet i att tillbringa en tid i Tjeckien, vilket dock kan rekommenderas! Avsikten är därmed att försöka öka intresset för utbytesstudier i Liberec. En fördel med Liberec och Tjeckien är kostnadsnivån, vilken är betydligt lägre än Sverige och Borås. Hyran för ett studentrum är ca 1200 kr/månad, och övriga kostnader är låga. Universitetet erbjuder även kurser i Tjeckiska för utbytesstudenterna.

Liberec är en textil stad, och hade länge en betydande textilindustri som grundades på mitten av 1800-talet. Industrin fanns ännu på 1990-talet, men det kommunistiska systemets fall gjorde att denna industri blev helt olönsam. Idag är dock biltillverkning (Skoda och VW) samt dess underleverantörer betydande industrier i Tjeckien och närområdet.

För den som är intresserad av arkitektur så är Liberec en stad värd att besöka. Många byggnader och hus är uppförda i Art Nouveau stilen, och väl bevarade. Ett besök i Liberecs konstmuseum, som är nu beläget i en tidiga badhus (invigdes av habsburgska kejsaren Frans Josef II år 1900) är värt ett besök.

Sammanfattningsvis kan man säga att utbyte och vistelse vid ett annat universitet kan rekommenderas varmt, och att det är mycket nyttigt att se hur man bedriver forskning och utbildning i en annan omgivning med andra traditioner och annan kultur än vad man är van vid.


Fakulteten för textil


Konstmuseum i Liberec, i fd. badhus


Universitetscampus


Handvävning


Campus